SIGHT | VISUAL
Sight is our visual perception. It is how our brains process, interpret and make sense of what we see.
Sound is the ability to hear. It can have an impact on a number of things including interactions, concentration and balance.
Pressure, temperature, light touch, vibration and other sensations are all part of the touch sense and are each attributed to different receptors in the skin.
Smell is closely linked to parts of the brain that process emotion and memory; odours can also alert people to potential hazards and affect taste.
TASTE | GUSTATORY
Food and drink molecules bind with our taste buds, sending signals to the brain so we can process salty, bitter, umami, sweet and sour tasting food.
Located in the inner ear, the vestibular system assists with balance and spatial orientation by letting the body know where and how quickly the head is moving, which can impact motor skills, visual tracking and posture.
The body's proprioceptive sense is controlled by receptors (in skin, muscles, and joints) that connect with the brain through the nervous system and ensures that, even without seeing, a person knows their body’s position.
The interoception system helps a person understand and feel what is happening inside their body, such as hunger or thirst, body temperature, tiredness — each important for self-regulation.